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Mushroom flooring is a widely applied construction solution that brings unexpected benefits to contractors and investors. So what is a mushroom floor? What are the advantages of mushroom flooring in construction?
What is Mushroom Floor?
A mushroom floor is a floor without beams with a unique structure that clings to the floor directly on the columns. In each construction project, the floor is one of the parts that bear complex forces with the most significant area and diverse structure.
Mushroom floors are most widely used in high-rise buildings. The reason is that the more feet, the more the establishment can bear the lateral force as well as the large self-load of the structure, resulting in a higher cost.
Having to increase many costs means that the cost of floor construction is also expensive. Therefore, mushroom flooring is used to reduce construction costs and reduce construction time.
Advantages of mushroom flooring in construction
After learning about the concept of mushroom flooring, you can learn more about the advantages of mushroom flooring in construction.
Although it is pretty new, it does not mean mushroom flooring is not commonly used in construction. Many projects have applied mushroom flooring in construction, such as houses, hospitals, schools, commercial centers, etc. Mushroom flooring has created distinct advantages in terms of technical characteristics and a very high economy. Because it is a beamless floor, it brings all the benefits of beamless floor technology.
The mushroom floor construction is more material-saving than conventional reinforced concrete construction. Mushroom floors save height compared to buildings with traditional beam floors, reducing the cost of building bowls and covers. Besides, this method also creates more usable space, more expansive. At the same time, this method uses green materials instead of traditional building materials.
The mushroom floor construction method saves labor, machinery, and materials. In addition, this method also helps reduce energy consumption and solid waste and limits CO2 emissions into the environment during construction.
Mushroom flooring is very flexible in design, can be applied to many types of construction, and has good sound and heat insulation properties. In addition, the mushroom floor forms air-cushion layers that help this floor insulate sound and heat better than traditional floors. Mushroom flooring is made from recycled and non-toxic plastic with proven results.
Using mushroom flooring can shorten construction time and save costs. During construction, with a large span, the prestressed concrete floor requires less concrete, allowing the formwork to be removed earlier. Mushroom floors can span up to 20m but are only effective in spans from 8m – 12m; the most economical is the span of 9m.
Mushroom floors are pretty resistant to earthquakes. When an earthquake occurs, the impact force should have a value proportional to the total mass of the building and the corresponding group at each non-fungal floor level. The flat floor will bear the party in two directions with the advantage of self-reduction in weight; when combined with a system of columns and load-bearing walls, it can resist earthquakes in high-rise buildings.
Disadvantages of Mushroom Floor
Mushroom floors still have some minus points that need to be improved, such as:
The bottom has a rough phenomenon: This phenomenon may appear in some newly used buildings. The consequences are unsightly and affect the quality of the floor.
The floor is raised more than expected: If the quality of the formwork is not controlled, it can cause the ball to shift or push the bottom. As a result, the thickness increases more than the design, directly affecting the structure of the building.
Constructing the mushroom floor requires complicated calculations and the construction of bearing options. Structural engineers must have specific calculation skills to ensure floor quality.
Outstanding applications of mushroom flooring
Thanks to many outstanding points, mushroom flooring is more popular than ever. At the same time, ensuring quality, optimizing costs, and saving time and investment costs.
Environmentally friendly applications
Currently, the mushroom floor is improved, using empty plastic balls or boxes inside to reduce the load for the foundation by up to 35%. Additionally, the investment cost to build a floor without beams is quite reasonable, and the materials are close and friendly to the environment. Therefore, this construction method is applied in buildings, offices, and apartment buildings,…
Application in cost reduction
The beamless floor is considered a modern construction method, capable of large spans without necessarily using formwork to shape. The use of mushroom flooring has high applicability in cost savings, reducing the amount of concrete used by 20% and 30-40% of steel and formwork. Therefore, the actual construction of mushroom floors can save 10-30% compared to conventional reinforced concrete floors.
Thus, mushroom flooring is a new modern construction method with many outstanding advantages in bearing capacity, aesthetics, and cost savings. Above is the information gathered by Contractors San Antonio to help you answer the question of what a mushroom floor is and some advantages and disadvantages of this type of floor.