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Principles of landscape design: Garden landscape design is becoming more and more important as people increasingly realize that a beautiful garden brings many great benefits. There are a number of landscape design principles you need to understand before embarking on a garden design to ensure harmony and value.
What is landscape design?
Landscape design is the arrangement of different elements including dynamic and static elements, living elements or items to have a large space to suit the intended use of the owner. . Most landscape design in Vietnam is park design, landscape design for urban areas or urban complexes.
There is another way of understanding Landscape design is a new design industry that appeared in Vietnam about 7-8 years ago and has rapidly developed according to people’s needs. Today it has been used a lot from small scale to large scale.
Landscape design is mainly concerned with the remaining open spaces between buildings, making those spaces more beautiful thanks to design solutions, space handling, vision processing and delicate coordination between buildings. different surface materials. Design solutions include solutions for plants, sculptures, lighting, outdoor furniture, etc.
The importance of garden landscape design
Garden design is increasingly revealing its importance, making it a trend of modern life.
Create aesthetics for the house
One of the top reasons to have a garden is to create beautiful features for your home. The green of trees and the colorful colors of flowers will create accents and create a feeling of freshness for the house. When you follow the principles of garden design, your space will have a high aesthetic element.
Reduce stress, relax spirit
After a tiring day of work, there is nothing more wonderful than being immersed in the fresh, cool atmosphere, watching the trees and flowers, listening to the sounds of running water and singing birds. A true garden will help you relieve all fatigue, regain your spirit.
Beneficial for human health
Negative ions are essential for human health, but our daily activities produce too many positive ions, which requires a balance. Garden design is a great solution to add negative ions to ensure life. Many studies have shown that gardening is better than some other forms of recreation.
Improve sleep, improve work and study ability
A garden next to the house has the effect of improving air quality, balancing humidity, relaxing the mind to help you have a good night’s sleep. At the same time, this is also an ideal place to work and study, stimulate the brain and create.
Garden landscape design principles must be kept in mind
The first principle: Pay attention to aesthetic factors and color schemes
The aesthetic factor, the color scheme is related to the color wheel. In the landscape, there are 3 basic color schemes that any architect should know: monochromatic, analogous, and contrasting.
You can choose one or more ways in the same space, garden area by choosing the appropriate color plants. However, they also need to adapt to seasonal climatic conditions.
You should pay attention to red, orange, white and yellow because these are the 4 colors that impress the eyes of the viewer. You should create these colors right at the entrance and in conspicuous places.
The second principle: The design style, the contours of the landscape must be in harmony
Depending on the predefined design style, it will produce different shapes. The lines created are the idea of building the landscape, created by the height of the trees, the branching, the layer of the vegetation.
Straight lines bring a sense of firmness, strongly impacting the human brain, while curved lines will be soft, helping people feel more comfortable and peaceful. Therefore, it is necessary to combine properly between straight and curved lines.
Principle 3: Ensure the standard shape of the object
One of the very important principles of landscape design is the element of object form. While the lines make up the overall landscape, the object shape is made up of elements such as trees, ponds, miniatures, etc. You can design the tree shape according to your purpose to create a relationship. closely related to space.
If in the past you planted trees in your garden as a hobby, today you need to calculate their shape in advance to arrange them accordingly, because trees are the basic factor that determines the overall landscape.
Fourth principle: Texture, size ratio need to be connected
In order to have a beautiful landscape, there should be alignment and appropriate proportions of objects. The size of the garden and the house, the fence and the gate… all need to be calculated to balance each other, creating harmony, without the big difference causing imbalance.
Principle 5: Make sure the vision, the point of view does not make mistakes
A beautiful landscape must be one that is pleasing to the eye. And to meet this, there are a number of principles that have been drawn up, you just need to apply to meet the balance and eye-catching conditions.
When observing an object, if the light is in the same direction, you will see them more clearly, vice versa, if the light is in the opposite direction, the object will be dark. So if you want to see your garden level at all times, from any angle, you need to maximize the light sources from all sides.
When designing the landscape in general, it is necessary to determine the correlation ratio between the distance from the point of view to the surrounding objects. The most standard ratio is that the human eye that sees things best at a 28-degree angle will be able to see all the details. If the scene is in a large space, the most standard viewing angle is 18 degrees.
The principles of landscape design are most noticeable to the naked eye, so you definitely do not make basic mistakes when building a garden. Thank for reading the articles of Contractors San Antonio.